A Beginner's Guide to Yoga Philosophy: Understanding the Eight Limbs

Are you looking to deepen your yoga practice? Are you curious about the philosophy behind yoga? Welcome to A Beginner's Guide to Yoga Philosophy: Understanding the Eight Limbs

Yoga is more than just a physical practice. It's a holistic approach to life that encompasses physical, mental, and spiritual wellbeing. The Eight Limbs of Yoga are a framework that provides guidance on how to live a meaningful and purposeful life.

So, let's take a brief look at each limb of yoga and a few ideas on how to apply it to your yoga practice and daily life.


The first limb of yoga is the Yamas, which are ethical principles that guide us on how to interact with others. They include Ahimsa (non-violence), Satya (truthfulness), Asteya (non-stealing), Brahmacharya (celibacy or moderation), and Aparigraha (non-greed). Practice the Yamas by being kind to yourself and others, being honest, and avoid inflicting harm to yourself in others. As an example, in your physical yoga practice - this could look like not pushing your body past its limits and moving in a way that won't cause harm.


The second limb of yoga is the Niyamas, which are personal observances that guide us on how to take care of ourselves. They include Saucha (cleanliness), Santosha (contentment), Tapas (self-discipline), Svadhyaya (self-study), and Ishvara pranidhana (surrender to a higher power). Practice the Niyamas by taking care of your body, being grateful for what you have, and setting goals for yourself - and finding the discipline to carry out these goals - such as committing to a daily meditation practice.


The third limb of yoga is Asana, which refers to the physical postures that are practiced in yoga. Asana helps us to build strength, flexibility, and balance in our bodies. Practice Asana by finding a style of yoga that resonates with you and committing to a regular time on the mat. With commitment, overtime the lessons learned in the physical practice will transcend into other areas of your life.


The fourth limb of yoga is Pranayama, which refers to breathing techniques that help us to control our breath and calm our minds. Pranayama helps to reduce stress and anxiety, and increase mental clarity. Practice Pranayama by incorporating simple breathing techniques into your yoga practice or by adopting a regular pranayama practice in the morning or evenings.


The fifth limb of yoga is Pratyahara, which refers to the withdrawal of the senses from external stimuli. Pratyahara helps us to focus our attention inward and cultivate a sense of inner peace. Practice Pratyahara by taking breaks from technology and other distractions and spending time in quiet reflection.


The sixth limb of yoga is Dharana, which refers to concentration and focus. Dharana helps us to train our minds to stay focused on one thing at a time. Practice Dharana by setting a goal for your yoga practice or daily life and focusing your attention on achieving that goal.


The seventh limb of yoga is Dhyana, which refers to meditation. Dhyana helps us to connect with our inner selves and find a sense of inner peace. Practice Dhyana by setting aside time each day to meditate, even if it's just for a few minutes.


The final limb of yoga is Samadhi, which refers to a state of consciousness where we experience a sense of unity with the universe. Samadhi is the ultimate goal of yoga and can be achieved through consistent practice of the previous seven limbs. Practice Samadhi by staying committed to your yoga practice and continuing to cultivate a sense of inner peace.

The Eight Limbs of Yoga provide a roadmap for living a purposeful and fulfilling life. By incorporating these principles into your yoga practice and daily life, you can cultivate a sense of inner-peace.

Yoga philosophy is a huge subject matter (much more than we can cover in a single post) but ready to dig deeper? Check out some of favourite Yoga Philosophy resources that delve deeper into Yoga:

  1. The Yoga Sutras of Patanjali by Sri Swami Satchidananda - An essential  text on the eight limbs of yoga, written by the ancient sage Patanjali. The book includes an insightful commentary by Sri Swami Satchidananda, which provides a modern interpretation of the ancient teachings.

  2. Light on Yoga by B.K.S. Iyengar - This book provides a comprehensive introduction to the practice of yoga, including detailed descriptions and photographs of the asanas, pranayama, and meditation techniques. It also explores the philosophy behind the eight limbs of yoga.

  3. The Tree of Yoga by B.K.S. Iyengar - This text explores the eight limbs of yoga as a holistic system of self-development, and provides practical guidance on how to integrate the limbs into your practice. It also includes reflections on the spiritual aspects of yoga, and how they can be applied to everyday life.